Three wet seasons a year!
The country however, is well-watered and fertile. Although it lies at the Equator, it receives about three rainy seasons a year, with Lake Victoria, the Nile, the loads of forests and the Ruwenzori mountains determining much of the climate. In forest ecosystems, it rains regularly and weather is unpredictable. Water covers 36,330 sq. kms, about 15% of Uganda’s area. The country is rich in wildlife, game, birds, and a vast culture of over fifty tribes occupying this beautiful, green country.
Chequeen history, thriving present and future
Uganda achieved independence from the UK in 1962. It went through turbulent years under the dictatorial regime of Idi Amin (1971-1979), and the guerrilla war under Milton Obote (1980-85). From the late 1980s, the new National Resistance Movement Government led by President Yoweri Museveni brought about peace, prosperity and many investors have accepted to participate in the country’s reconstruction.
Uganda in numbers
In Uganda alone:
- A bird lover will enjoy watching twelve percent of all the bird species in the world;
- A tracker will find half of the world’s gorillas;
- An explorer will have an opportunity to see more than 7% of the world’s mammals.
For the discerning traveler, the potential for eco-tourism here is enormous, and the discreet have already tapped.
Bwindi impenetrable Forest National Park
This park is one of the smallest national parks that were gazette to protect the mountain gorillas. This area is an important water catchment area for several rivers which in turn supply the surrounding local farms. It’s considered the richest forest in Uganda in terms of plant species and boasts steep hills. This park is home to most of the few remaining gorillas and bird species.
Mgahinga Gorilla National Park
This is the smallest of the parks (covering 29 sq. km only) and located I the extreme south-western corner of Uganda bordering DR Congo and Rwanda. Famous for mountain Gorillas but other animals are also found here including elephants, golden monkeys, leopards, Giant forest hog, bush bucks and buffaloes.
Mgahinga Sabino Volcanic Mountains as well as part of Mihavura mountains add to the scenic beauty of the region. At the summit of Mihuvura (4,127 m) is the smallest Crater Lake.
Queen Elizabeth National Park
The park is named after Queen Elizabeth II who opened it in 1954. The park boasts large water bodies including the eastern portion of Lake Edward and the Western portion of Lake George as well as the 34 km long Kazinga Channel which connects the two lakes. There are many crater Lakes within the park with Salt Lake Katwe being the largest.
This is one of the most remarkable ecosystems consisting of deciduous tropical high forest, undulating grasslands, acacia savannah, swamps and mosaic grasslands. The 500 sq. km Maramagambo forest which exists between the escarpment and Lake Edward is a wide belt of medium altitude semi-deciduous forest. Above all, it’s a 2,500 sq. km sanctuary teaming with great herds of elephant, topis, Uganda kobs, hippos, buffaloes, bush buck, warthog, tree climbing lions in ishasha, chimpanzees, colobus monkeys, giant forest hog, leopards and baboons
Murchison Falls National Park
At 3,840 sq km, this is the largest park in Uganda. The magical vista is made up of rolling grasslands and savanna decreasing in height from Robongo Hills in the east to the western Rift wall and Lake Albert. The park is dissected by the Nile into East and West. The magical sight is the forced river through the rock cleft – some 7 meters wide into a spectacular 43 meters drop ta the Murchison Falls.
In the park you can see elephants, buffaloes, Unganda Kobs, chimpanzees, lion, leopards, crocodiles, hippos and giraffes. There are over 350 different species of birds including the shoebill stork, goliath heron, open-bill stork, saddle-bill stork, the majestic fish eagle, tawny eagle, lappet-faced vulture, skimmer, kingfisher, buzzards and harrier.
While here don’t miss the opportunity to take the12 km boat tour from Paraa for chance to view game watering along the Nile. For fishing enthusiast, the area is well known for anglers and record fish taken on a rod and line from a boat weighed 102 kilograms.
Kidepo Valley National Park
park is 1,450 sq. km and located in the North-eastern part of Uganda. The
magical Scenery will take your breath way as is the fauna and wildlife that are
rare in other parks like the roan antelopes, burchnell’s zebras, lesser and
greater kudus, grant gazelles, eland, reed buck, Uganda Kob, Klipspringer, busy
baby, bat eared fox, striped hyenas, cheetahs and long snouted dik-dik.
Also found here are giraffes, elephants, large herds of buffaloes over 200 bird species like ostriches, swallow tailed kites, stone partridge, Abyssinian ground hornbill, standard wing night jar, Karamoja apalis, fan tailed raven, piapiac, Varreaux’s eagle, pygmy falcon and five bustards including kori.
Mountain Rwenzori National Park
Established in 1991 and ideal for mountaineering. The park covers the legendary snowcapped Mountains of the moon with the highest peak over 5000 meters. It has a very rich flora and fauna with a large mountain rain forest. The park has plenty of wildlife including the famous Apes, buffaloes and a tremendous number of species.
Lake Mburo National Park
Offers Scenic beauty, hills and valleys and covers an area of 160 sq. km. The entire lake Mburo is within this area along with impalas, topis, elands, klipspringers, zebras, buffaloes, hippos and crocodiles. The birdlife includes crested cranes, Marabou storks, bronze tailed starlings and several water-birds.
This valley is located between Murchison Falls and the Rwenzori mountains. Found here is the Uganda Kob and large concentration of lions. En-route to the valley, one can spot the pygmies and the hot springs at Sambiya